Intealth ECFMG

Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates


IMG Performance in the 2016 Match

For the 14th consecutive year, the number of first-year (PGY-1) residency positions offered through the National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP®) Main Residency Match® increased. A total of 27,860 first-year positions were offered in the 2016 Match. This represents an increase of 567 positions compared to last year and an increase of more than 7,200 positions since 2002.

Compared to 2015, the number of international medical graduates (IMGs) who participated in the Match increased by 403, and the number of IMGs who matched to first-year positions increased by 336. Of the 12,790 IMGs who participated in the 2016 Match, 6,638 (51.9%) matched. In the 2015 Match, 6,302 (50.9%) IMGs were matched to first-year positions. (The preceding data include a very small number of Fifth Pathway applicants who participated in the 2015 and 2016 Matches. For 2016, these data include seven Fifth Pathway participants who are not represented in the data below.)

Of the 7,460 IMG participants who were not U.S. citizens, 3,769 (50.5%) obtained first-year positions. The number of non-U.S. citizen IMGs who obtained positions increased in 2016 for the fifth year in a row, this year by 128.

Of the 5,323 U.S. citizen IMG participants, 2,869 (53.9%) were matched to first-year positions, an increase of 209 from last year. The number of U.S. citizen IMGs matching to first-year positions has increased in 12 of the last 13 Matches.

About the Match

The annual NRMP Match is the system by which applicants are matched with available residency positions in U.S. graduate medical education (GME) programs. Participants submit to the NRMP a list of residency programs, in order of preference. Ranked lists of preferred residency candidates are likewise submitted by U.S. GME programs with available positions. The matching of applicants to available positions is performed by computer algorithm. The Match results announced in March of each year are for GME programs that typically begin the following July.

Additional Resources on the Match and Match Results

The preceding Match data are based on the Advance Data Tables: 2016 Main Residency Match® compiled by NRMP. These tables provide detailed information on the positions offered and filled by the Match in 2016 and prior years. To access these tables, or to obtain further information on NRMP, visit

In December of each year, JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association traditionally publishes an in-depth analysis of graduate medical education in the United States. This analysis includes the number of IMGs entering and continuing in U.S. GME programs and a breakdown of IMG resident physicians by specialty and subspecialty. Visit your medical school’s library or

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